MICRO DWELLINGS, Copenhagen, 2005
MICRO DWELLINGS is a system for making low cost dwellings of variable
sizes for any number of persons.
It consists of movable housing modules that can form different configurations
on land, on water and under water. The system allows for a diversity of
materials as well as changes and adaptations.
The MICRO DWELLINGS are modular, can be scaled up and down, and expand
and grow together with other systems into small communities. The MICRO
DWELLINGS can be built onto rooftops of existing buildings or be suspended
from a bridge or a wall. The modules can be mounted on wheels to become
mobile or be connected to form floating constructions. As is the case
with the version shown in this manual, they can also be made as watertight,
amphibian houses that can be completely submerged or partly elevated to
the water surface.
Most functions will be built into walls, and furniture, household equipment
etc. will be provided by movable elements that change functions during
the day. Supply modules can be mounted on the outside of the main modules.
The MICRO DWELLINGS are able to reflect changes in life, e.g. people moving
in and out, the arrival of children, etc, as it is easy to add to the
construction in stages. If people want to live together they can simply
let their dwellings grow together, likewise, it is easy to separate modules
and move them if desirable. The MICRO DWELLINGS in themselves do not define
a social constellation, but only provide the basic equipment so that persons
can configure their own social setting.
The present version of the system is made of cheap steel plates and can
be constructed by anybody who knows how to weld.
Current house building techniques in the western world have to a large
extent failed to incorporate knowledge of geometry that enables lightweight
and durable constructions which can be produced at a fraction of the cost
of conventional houses. The lack of innovation in this field can be ascribed
to the enormous economic interests that are tied to real estate. Challenging
habitual conceptions in this area is seen as a risk not worth undertaking.
However, the present situation creates considerable inequalities, where
people with even average incomes cant afford buying or renting a place
to live in major cities and their suburbs. As a result, monoculture prevails
and people with lower incomes are forced into the margins or into finding
Making dwellings available for less money would reduce the need for high
incomes in order to afford living. This in turn could free time for other
activities than money-generating work, something that could have a positive
Concentrations of power limit persons access to land by the force
of among other things the notion of ownership. Furthermore, the use of
land is highly regulated. Living on, or under water, is a realistic alternative
to living on land. Underwater houses are especially interesting, as they
are hardly described in the existing building codes in western countries
and thus difficult to control.
The MICRO DWELLINGS consist of equal-sized units in the form of truncated
octahedrons. Truncated octahedra will fill space when combined. They can
also be joined with a variety of platonic and archimedic shapes into numerous
combinations. The truncated octahedron is a plate-stable construction,
which means that the construction once the plates are assembled, need
no further reinforcement, as the plates themselves provide the support
(in the real world this depends on the size of the construction and the
strength of the materials). The strength is a combination of the plate
stability and the spaceframe that occurs once the plates are assembled
along the edges.
The materials can be varied, but durability, strength and low cost are
crucial parameters that have to be balanced with each other. Each unit
can easily be scaled up or down. The plates can be welded together or
a non-destructive assembly method can be used if one wants to be able
to take the construction apart and reassemble it.
This version is welded in steel with reinforcing frames, which enables
the construction to withstand a pressure of up to 2 atmospheres, corresponding
to a depth of 10 meters. However, a placement 1 5 meters under
surface level is sufficient since at this depth, light still penetrates
the water and access is easier. By welding the steel plates one gets a
bearing and watertight construction at the same time.
The plates are treated with epoxy on the outside and anticorrosive paint
on the inside and finally insulated with plates of polyethylene foam.
Door with lock. Windows
and doors also function as docking ports with other modules.
Detachable legs mounted on hydraulic jacks.
Windows, prepared for pressurised environments.
Interior walls with reinforcing frames.
Interior with combined table and bed.
Three units combined.
Truncated octahedra, truncated tetrahedra and cuboctahedra
The compressed version of a MICRO DWELLING shown in this manual contains
very simple equipment for living.
However, a dwelling consisting of three modules combined would allow for
separating functions as follows:
Kitchen area, including micro-greenhouse with hydroponics systems for
supplementing daily household with lettuce, tomatoes, herbs etc. Floating
MICRO DWELLINGS can have their own fish farms, chicken farms and floating
gardens attached outdoors.
This module contains the toilet and shower. In addition, all wet appliances
such as water drain and supply, hot water tanks etc. can be brought together
here. For off-shore living, tanks for water storage and waste water can
also be installed. All tanks can be mounted on the outside to save space.
Grey water can be led to the micro-greenhouse and purified by the plants.
A micro-desalination plant can be installed for deriving drinking water
from sea water. The toilet can be a compost toilet that uses no water.
A unit for sleeping as well as for relaxation and social activities during
daytime. Movable furniture in the form of polyethylene modules serve as
sofas, beds, and tables according to needs. Bed linen, duvets etc. can
be kept in a net during daytime. Flexible screens can divide the space
to create privacy if wanted.
In addition, smaller modules of various shapes can be attached, if there
is a need for more space, e.g. extra rooms, storage, etc.
An energy unit could be hooked on to the MICRO DWELLINGS, consisting of
for example micro-windmills, solar panels and solar heat systems, heat
Some ways of combining the MICRO DWELLINGS.
Height: 2, 3 meters
Width: 2,4 meters
8 hexagonal plates and 6 square plates in 4 mm steel, edge length 831
Legs and frames in 5 x 1.2 mm steel
3 hydraulic jacks
3 circular steel plates Ø 60 cm
3 steel rings, outer diameter 70 cm/inner 60 cm
3 steel rings, outer diameter 70 cm/inner 80 cm
3 polycarbonate plates, Ø 75 cm10 mm
Bakelite knobs, nuts and bolts
Polyethylene foam, 50 mm
MICRO DWELLINGS, London 2006
MICRO DWELLINGS have been realized with support from Arts Catalyst, London,
Kunstnernes Hus, OSLO and The Danish Arts Agency, Denmark
Artist Neal White, N55 is developing a thing called the SPACE ON EARTH
STATION. It will be presented the first time in 2006 by Arts Catalyst
in London. The MICRO DWELLINGS will be used to build the SPACE ON EARTH
Neal White, Claus Nørregaard, Peter madsen, Erle Stenberg, øivind
Slaatho and Mette Høj.
MICRO DWELLING SITUATIONS:
MICRO DWELLING submerged version, In collaboration
with UC3 Nautilus, Copenhagen 2008.
SPACE SOON, Roundhouse, Arts Catalysts, London, UK, 2006
Zaragoza arts festival, Zaragoza, Spain, 2006
No Man Is An Island, Kunstnernes Hus, Oslo, Norway, 2005
Talking Cities, Urban drift, Essen, Germany, 2006
Building modules in Copenhagen 2005
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