1. Emmaus Björkås is a village founded around a glassworks in the very centre of the forest in Småland. Around the glassworks the administration buildings were situated, the manager's-, functionaries'- and workers' houses. The glasswork was closed down and the village abandoned, so the community of Emmaus had taken over this small society and transformed it into a well functioning Emmaus collective. Emmaus Björkås disposed of a big amount of trucks, that each day drove and collected clothes within a very large area. Every Saturday there was a flea market. On weekdays one sorted and packed clothes in big factory halls. The pre-sorted clothes were pressed together into bales for transport, in mechanised clothing presses, after that they were piled up by trucks in the warehouse. Others in the community were busy in the workshops, - there was a garage and a carpenter's workshop and a forge for the maintenance of the material and the buildings, as well as the day-care centre, shared kitchen and laundry. Some days a week everyone participated in study circle work that treated the receiving organisations, about Marxism and about the history of Emmaus. All work was unpaid apart from a smaller amount of pocket money. There were some cars for private use. Food, clothes and all other shared facilities were free. The receiving organisations were the fighting liberation movements in the third world that at this point (in the middle of the 70's) mainly were liberation movements in the Portuguese colonies FRELIMO in Mozambique, MPLA in Angola and PAIGC in Guinea Bissau and Cape Verde, ANC in South Africa, ZANU in Zimbabwe and SWAPO in Namibia.
2. The core of KAK consisted of former communists that had been excluded from Danish Communist Party because of their support of China in the ideological battle between Peking and Moscow. The charismatic leader in KAK, Gotfred Appel, was previously chief editor of the communist publishing house, Tiden. KAK developed the idea that the Danish working-class wasn't revolutionary, for which they found an explanation in some texts by Lenin about the parasite state and the bribe theory, that in short meant that the working-class in the rich countries was bribed with the scraps from the imperialistic exploitation of the third world. This point of view had the consequence that KAK meant that it wasn't possible to found a revolutionary communist party in Denmark and therefore turned their attention to the revolutionary movements in the third world.
3. Zimbabwe African National Union, one of the two liberation movements in Rhodesia of that time, that fought against the white minority government. There were 20.000 white and 6.000.000 black people in Rhodesia. The other liberation movement was ZAPU ( Zimbabwe African Peoples Union). It was our opinion that ZANU was the biggest movement and the movement that most effectively fought against Ian Smith's white minority government. An assumption which turned out to be correct after the end of the struggle for liberation and the first free election was held. ZANU got 80% of the votes.
4. The question that we wished to clarify was the following: What part did the US and the Soviet Union respectively play in the area? In Africa, Ethiopia was the most powerful allied to the US until 1977, while the Soviet Union supported the liberation movements in Eritrea in the same way that they had supported other anti imperialistic liberation movements in the third world. The coup d'état of the officers in Ethiopia (1974) during which Mengistu came into power, followed the people's revolt after a famine that the emperor at that time had tried to conceal from the world around. In the beginning, the US also supported the new regime, but after a number of excesses against the inhabitants, the Carter administration called off their support to Ethiopia. Mengistu now became a Marxist and an ally of the Soviet Union, and suddenly Soviet weapons started pouring in so that Ethiopia could start a counteroffensive in Eritrea. The Eritrean people suddenly saw their earlier supporters in the camps of the enemies and didn't understand anything when Cuban pilots were sitting in the aircrafts they shot down. They were suddenly without allies and the Soviet Union had shifted sides in the war from one day to another.
5. Eritrea is an old civilised country and together with Ethiopia, one of the oldest Christian societies in the world. Eritrea was an Italian colony in 1889, whereas Ethiopia as one of the few countries in Africa resisted colonisation. During the second world war in 1941, the Englishmen drove away the Italians and Eritrea became a military base area for the allies where the Englishmen built up an industry to supply the armies. Thus, Eritrea became a comparatively developed country. Among other things, political parties were allowed and trade unions were formed. After the war, the fate of the former Italian colonies was about to be settled. The other Italian colonies became independent, but Eritrea was to be part of a federation with Ethiopia where Eritrea had extensive independence. The independence was undermined by Ethiopia and in 1962, Ethiopia annexed Eritrea and the war of liberation started. The war had caused many refugees that were spread all over the world, but they stuck together and supported the liberation war from where they now were. They got work, education and organised themselves into supporting groups in those countries where they were staying and sent money back home for the liberation. There were also many Eritreans in Denmark and most of them spoke excellent Danish. They got education and many of them had work in Denmark. This made the solidarity work considerably easier and more precise than it had been with ZANU.
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